Saturday, August 14, 2004

China, Constitutional movements after 1905

Japan's victory in the Russo-Japanese War (1904 - 05) aroused a cry for constitutionalism in China. Unable to resist the intensifying demand, the court decided in September 1906 to adopt a constitution, and in November it reorganized the traditional six boards into 11 ministries in an attempt to modernize the central government. It promised to open consultative provincial assemblies


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