Tuesday, November 30, 2004

Habib, Philip Charles

Habib, the son of a Lebanese grocer, was raised in a Jewish section of Brooklyn. He graduated from the University of Idaho (1942) and was studying for his doctorate in agricultural

Monday, November 29, 2004

Coimbatore

Town, administrative headquarters of Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. Coimbatore is located on the Noyil River, 300 mi (480 km) south of Madras, on the Madras - Calicut (now Kozhikode) road. Long important as commanding the Palghat Gap to the west coast, it is a trade and processing centre for agricultural produce and a manufacturing centre for agricultural

Sunday, November 28, 2004

An Chung-shik

As a promising young painter, An Chung-shik was sent to China for training by the Korean court. Upon his return he became a master of the popular Southern style, with its emphasis on fingertip technique. He was also a noted calligrapher who mastered all the writing styles. Interested in

Saturday, November 27, 2004

Tactical Weapons System

System integrating tactical weapons with electronic equipment for target acquisition, aiming, or fire control or a combination of such purposes. Tactical weapons are designed for offensive or defensive use at relatively short range with relatively immediate consequences. They include weapons used for antitank assault, antiaircraft defense, battlefield

Friday, November 26, 2004

Khakass

Also spelled �Khakas, or Hakas, � people who have given their name to Khakassia republic in central Russia. The general name Khakass encompasses five Turkic-speaking groups that differ widely in their ethnic origin as well as in their culture and everyday life: the Kacha, Sagay (Sagai), Beltir, Kyzyl, and Koybal. Before the Russian Revolution of 1917 the Kacha were seminomadic pastoralists raising cattle,

Thursday, November 25, 2004

Andrew Of Lonjumel

On his first diplomatic mission, to Constantinople (1238), he brought back the relic revered as

Wednesday, November 24, 2004

Stagnelius, Erik Johan

Both his works

Tuesday, November 23, 2004

Cladonia

Genus of lichens that includes those species commonly known as cup lichen, reindeer moss, and British soldiers (qq.v.).

Monday, November 22, 2004

Talaud Islands

Indonesian �Kepulauan Talaud�, also spelled �Talaur�, or �Talaut� islands administered from Manado as part of Sulawesi Utara provinsi (�province�), Indonesia. The group includes Karakelong (the largest), Salebabu, Kaburuang, and numerous islets, with a total area of 495 square miles (1,281 square km). The coast of Karakelong Island is steep except on the southern shore, which is fringed by a wide reef. The seven tiny Nanusa Islands lie northeast of

Saturday, November 20, 2004

Macclesfield

Town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Cheshire, England. The borough includes a narrow strip of the Pennines in the east that is part of the Peak District National Park. The principal town, Macclesfield, is the centre of the silk industry. The manufacture of silk-covered buttons began in the 16th century, and silk throwing was introduced in

Friday, November 19, 2004

Estado Novo

In the election campaign of 1937 Vargas warned of a threatened Communist coup d'�tat and declared a 90-day state of emergency, issuing the Estado Novo. The

Thursday, November 18, 2004

Robert The Strong

Count of various regions between the Seine and Loire rivers, Robert served the Carolingian king of France Charles II the Bald and, by his bold and inspiring military leadership, succeeded in checking the depredations of the Northmen who were laying waste the settlements near the Loire. A great victory

Wednesday, November 17, 2004

Ashbery, John

Ashbery graduated from Harvard University in 1949 and received a master's degree from Columbia University (N.Y.) in 1951. After working as a copywriter in New York City (1951 - 55), he lived in Paris until 1965, contributing art criticism to the Paris edition of the New York Herald-Tribune and to

Tuesday, November 16, 2004

Molde

Town and seat of M�re og Romsdal fylke (county), western Norway. It lies along Molde Fjord, an inlet of the Norwegian Sea. A port since the 15th century, Molde was partially destroyed by fire in 1916, damaged during World War II, then rebuilt completely. During April 1940 it was the temporary home of the Norwegian government. Local industry includes fish export, textile mills, and furniture

Monday, November 15, 2004

Yin-ch'uan

Pinyin �Yinchuan�, conventional �Yinchwan� capital of Hui Autonomous Region of Ningsia, north-central China. The city is located near the western bank of the upper course of the Huang Ho, near the western end of the Great Wall of China in the south-central section of the Ho-lan Mountains and Ordos Desert. It is served by a river port at Heng-ch'eng, about 9.5 miles (15 km) to the east. Until the 1950s the river, which is navigable downstream

Sunday, November 14, 2004

Chemical Compound, Polyterpenes

The vulcanization of rubber involves the establishment of cross-linking between the chains through sulfur atoms.

Saturday, November 13, 2004

Lahbabi, Mohammed Aziz

Moroccan writer and philosopher (b. Dec. 25, 1922, F�s, Morocco--d. Aug. 23, 1993, Rabat, Morocco), had influence in the Arab world through his many writings, some of which were translated into as many as 30 languages. Lahbabi was educated at the Sorbonne in Paris and received a doctorate of philosophy. He taught philosophy at Muhammad V University, Rabat, and the University of Algiers and held other

Friday, November 12, 2004

Hino

City, Tokyo no (metropolis), Honshu, Japan, on the railway linking Tachikawa and Hachioji. Located on the Tama River, Hino was a post town and ferry station during the Tokugawa era (1603 - 1867). The city is now part of the Keihin Industrial Region, producing automobiles, electrical machinery, and precision instruments. It also serves as a residential suburb of the Tokyo and Yokohama

Thursday, November 11, 2004

Axminster

Town (�parish�), East Devon district, administrative and historic county of Devon, England, on the River Axe. Founded about 705 at the intersection of two Roman roads, Portway and Fosse Way, it was one of the earliest Saxon settlements in Devon. Carpet making, for which it is famous, was established there in 1755 and is continued in a modern factory. The typical Axminster carpet has

Wednesday, November 10, 2004

Aniline

Aniline is prepared commercially by the catalytic

Monday, November 08, 2004

Dyspareunia

Painful or difficult sexual intercourse in the female. Disorders are generally physical rather than psychological. Dyspareunia may be caused by inflammation or infection of the vagina, vaginismus (q.v.; voluntary or involuntary contraction of the lower vaginal muscles), remnants of the hymen, insufficient lubrication of the vagina, infection, endometriosis, tumours,

Sunday, November 07, 2004

Radcliffe-brown, A(lfred) R(eginald)

Radcliffe-Brown went to the Andaman Islands (1906 - 08), where his fieldwork won him a fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge. On an expedition to

Saturday, November 06, 2004

Moray, Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl Of

Randolph was the son of one of Robert's sisters. When Robert revolted against the English and claimed the

Friday, November 05, 2004

Cosin, John

Cosin was named a chaplain of Durham Cathedral (1619) and subsequently wrote the famed Collection of Private

Thursday, November 04, 2004

Piccard, Jacques (-ernest-jean)

He was born in Brussels while his Swiss-born father was professor at the University of Brussels. After graduating from the �cole

Tuesday, November 02, 2004

Pendant

In stone ceilings the use of pendant vaulting was

Monday, November 01, 2004

Ch�teauguay, Battle Of

In the autumn of 1813, a U.S. invading force of about 4,000 troops under General Wade Hampton marched toward Montreal through the Ch�teauguay River valley. A U.S. advance party of 1,500 under Colonel